c.1250, from Middle French
humain "of or belonging to man", from Latin humanus, probably related to homo (genitive hominis) "man", and to humus "earth", on notion of "earthly beings", as opposed to the gods (confer Heb. adam "man", from adamah "ground"). Cognate with O.Lith. zmuo (acc. zmuni) "man, male person." Displaced its Old English
cognate guma (from Proto Germanic
*guman-) which survives only in disguise in bridegroom. First record of humankind is from 1645. Humanoid (1918) is a hybrid of Latin humanus and Greek -oeides "like", from eidos "form, shape."